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Union public service commission, popularly abbreviated as UPSC is the central authority which is known to recruit candidates every year for Class A and B jobs. It is one of the most prestigious exams in the country which is extremely difficult to crack as well as desirable. Every year approximately 4-5 lakh candidates appear in the examination but the vacancies are never more than 1000. In fact, in the past years, the vacancies have been around 800-900 which makes it even more difficult. Not only just one attempt, but this exam also requires several attempts to clear it and in fact even after that there is no guarantee that you will be able to clear this exam. But, hard work, patience, and consistency are the keys to crack UPSC.

  • Eligibility criteria

The basic eligibility criteria are that a person must be a graduate from a government or private university that comes under the  Act of the Central or State Legislature in India.

Or the candidate must possess equivalent qualifications.

The minimum age limit for appearing for this exam is 21 years. The candidate must be of 21 years old on 1st August of the year in which he/she is appearing for the exam.

The upper age limit for appearing in UPSC examination is 32 years for candidates belonging to general category, 35 for those who come under OBC quota and 37 for SC and ST category people. Other clauses for defense quota have been mentioned on the UPSC website.

A candidate who wishes to appear for this examination should remain updated on the official website for every notification.

  • Examination pattern

The examination is conducted in 3 phases –

1- Preliminary examination

2- Mains examination

3- Personality test (popularly called as Interview)


It contains two papers of Objective Type carrying a maximum of 400 marks. This examination is of qualifying nature. The score whatsoever obtained will not be added to the final tally.


It contains a total of 9 exams. Out of these the first two exams are of language. One is of English and the other is of any other language chosen by the candidate. Both of these are of qualifying nature.

The rest of the 7 exams are considered for merit.

These exams include GS 1, GS 2, GS 3, GS 4 and an optional subject exam which is also chosen by the candidate from the list of subjects offered by UPSC. GS stands for general studies.

  • Personality Test

This is the third and the final stage of the examination consisting of 275 marks.

Here, the candidate faces a panel of reputed personalities of civil services background who tests the intelligence of the candidate but more than the intelligence they check for the confidence. They want to see whether you are confident enough to handle the pressure of a civil service job or not. They do not judge you on the basis of those 10 questions you answered correctly, but how you handle the pressure of not knowing those 10 answers.

It is an examination of your will power and strength and how you keep yourself motivated and determined towards your goal.

A very talented and not so hardworking Candidate will never get through this exam. However, a slow but steady learner will always clear this exam. Remember, a rabbit will never win the race, a tortoise will.

If you are planning to give this examination, remember, you’re not too late. Start working today and be constant with your preparation.

 Who knows you can be the next IAS !

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