Romania, sometimes spelt Rumania, is a nation located on the Balkan Peninsula of southeastern Europe. What is now the country of Romania was first settled in ancient times by people called Dacians. It became a part of Roman Empire later. Romanians trace their origin to the Dacian settlers and to the Romans. Romanian is one of the Romance languages. Like French, Italian etc it is derived from Latin.
Most Romanians belong to the Romanian Orthodox Church. Romania is divided into 6 regions, mainly – Banat, Transylvania, Moldavia, Bukovina, Walachia and Dobruja. The Danube river is Romania’s most important waterway.
The valley of the Danube also contains some of the most fertile soils in Europe. Romania is a land with great extremes of climate, ranging from very hot summers to windy, bitterly cold winters. The main commercial resources are salt, coal and iron ore which are mined.
When it comes to the economy after world war 2 emphasis was placed on developing Romania’s heavy industry. But agriculture continues to play an important role in the country’s economy.
Romania has a great history. From the Turkish rule to fall of Ceausescu and rise of democracy Romania has a wonderful history.
(Reference: The New Book Of Knowledge, volume 11)