IELTS | Exam pattern and tips to crack it in one go!

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The International English language testing system, popularly known as IELTS is known as one of the most famous exams amongst the students or professionals who wish to migrate to other countries. It is largely given to enter the major English speaking countries of the world like Canada, England and Australia to name a few. The exam is conducted by the British Council, IDB: IELTS Australia, Cambridge Assessment English.

Now coming to the validity of the exam, the exam is valid for 2 years. It means to say that you can use the results of your IELTS exam to apply to the universities abroad for two consecutive years. All the universities have mentioned in their websites whether they will accept IELTS score or they accept the score of any other exams like GRE etc.

The exam is conducted in two ways namely IELTS Academic and IELTS general.

Most people would go for IELTS General. The syllabus of IELTS general is very simple and it comprises of English only.

Furthermore, coming to the examination pattern, the examination is conducted 4 sections namely;

  • Listening
  • Reading
  • Writing
  • Speaking

1. Listening

This section is of 30 mins and it comprises of 4 questions. Here you get 4 recorded speeches or monologues based on which you have to answer those 4 questions.

2. Reading

It’s a 60 mins long section wherein you are provided with 3 long reading passages and you are assigned some tasks for them. This section carries the maximum weightage among questions which is 40. Please note that the texts can include non-verbal material and other graphs, diagrams and various illustrations which the paper setters find relevant.

3. Writing

The third section is of writing. Again, the duration for this is 60 mins. Here, you are given two questions. The first one is that in which you have to describe or summarize or explain the given diagram, chart or perhaps a graph in 150 words.

 And the second question is traditional in which you have to write an essay of 250 words.

4. Speaking

This is the last segment of your exam which can occur on the same day when you have given the exams of the above-mentioned sections and it can also be held on some other day.

It is usually 11 – 14 mins long face to face interview.

The total duration of the exam becomes 2 hours and 45 mins.

This is not an exam you should fear. In fact, if you have a good command over English since your school days or you are greatly interested in reading novels and other books, then you can be relaxed and still manage to score really well. However, if you are not that good in English, even then you don’t have to be worried. 2-3 months of preparation is enough and you will be able to get through it with a pretty decent score.

Every month, a no. of aspirants give this exam. It is even more popular because of its reach. The exam is accepted in around 10,000 educational institutes in over about 150 countries.

When you fill up the form, which is of somewhat around 12,000 bucks, you get a book along with it to prepare for the exam. That one book is sufficient for the practice. In addition to this, you can also look for previous years papers to see the type of questions which are usually asked in the exam.

As mentioned earlier there is no specific hardcore preparation required for this exam but to have a good command over the English language, you can read Word power made easy by Norman Lewis. ┬áDo the exercises given in this book and you will find in a month’s time that how well this book functions. It actually boosts up your vocabulary and will provide you with good nourishment for the language with which you will be able to write a good essay in the examination.

If you are an IELTS aspirant, you don’t need any special coaching for that. You can sit back at home, relax and start preparing today! One hour or two hours a day study done with a set action plan would be good, to begin with.

And yes! don’t forget to see past years papers. They are of utmost importance as they give you a direction about what to study and how to study. The question papers are all available online on the official website!

Good luck !

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